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16th International Pharmaceutical Microbiology and Biotechnology Conference, will be organized around the theme “Science for a Better Future”
Pharmaceutical Microbiology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Pharmaceutical Microbiology 2018
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The ability to identify exactly which microorganism strain is present in a sample is a fundamental need of almost all microbiologists, and rapid molecular techniques for these analyses are replacing traditional culture-based methods. Microbiological contamination refers to the non-intended or accidental introduction of infectious material like bacteria, yeast, mould, fungi, virus, prions, protozoa or their toxins and by-products.
The most critical commitment of microbiology to the pharmaceutical business is the improvement of anti-infection agents. All anti-infection agents were initially the results of microbial digestion; however the recent research has enabled the production of more improved medication ns. Vaccines are likewise an important contribution of microbiology towards the drug development. Vaccine production usually requires culturing of huge amounts of bacteria. Steroids are also produced from microorganisms. Microbiology also contributes towards quality control of a pharmaceutical lab.
Microorganisms are diverse in nature. Because majority of the microorganisms are nonculturable, it is important to utilize culture autonomous systems to examine the uncultured organisms. Metagenomics is tool which comprehends genetic makeup of uncultivable microorganisms. As of now, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is a standout amongst the most progressive innovations utilized as a part of metagenomics.
Cellular and Molecular immunology deals with activities of cells in experimental or clinical situations. It is the interactions among cells and molecules of the immune system that contribute to the recognition and elimination of pathogens. The response to pathogens is composed by the complex interactions and activities of the large number of diverse cell types involved in the immune response.
Drug discovery and development is the process by which a new drug is identified and distributed in the market. Discovery may involve screening of chemical libraries, identification of the active ingredient from a traditional remedy or design resulting from an understanding of the target. Development includes studies on microorganisms and animals, clinical trials and ultimately regulatory approval.
The study of biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs is known as pharmacodynamics. These effects can be observed in animals, humans, microbes or a combination of organisms. The study of how the organism affects the drug is known as pharmacokinetics. Dosage, Benefits and adverse effects are influenced by both pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics.
Bio pharmaceutics is the study of drug absorption rate that is affected by various factors like physical and chemical properties of the drug, the dosage form of the drug and the route of administration. Pharmaceutical technology is the appliance of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy, pharmacology, and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes design, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and accumulating of narcotic and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures and in the treatment of patients.
Regenerative medicine is the branch of medicine that develops methods to regrow, repair or replace damaged or diseased cells, organs or tissues. Regenerative medicine includes the generation and use of therapeutic stem cells, tissue engineering and the production of artificial organs.
Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide to produce more stem cells. They are found in multicellular organisms.
Biomedical Engineering is the combination of biology and medicine with engineering. There develop devices and procedures to solve medical and health-related problems. Biomedical engineers design devices which are used medical procedures, such as the computers used to analyse blood or the laser systems used in corrective eye surgery. They develop artificial organs, imaging systems such as magnetic resonance, ultrasound, and x-ray, and devices for automating insulin injections or controlling body functions. They are some specialisations within biomedical engineering include biomechanics engineering, medical imaging, rehabilitation engineering, and orthopaedic engineering.
Biotechnology has discovered modern medical devices for diagnostic and preventive purposes, which include diagnostic test kits, vaccines and radio-labelled biological therapeutics used for imaging and analysis. Human health is a major growing problem worldwide because of infectious diseases. Biotechnology has played an effective role in improving the challenges regarding to human health as it has flexibility to reduce global health differences by the provision of promising technologies. Health, life quality and expectancy of life have been increased worldwide through the services provided by biotechnology. Malnutrition mainly arises due to the lack of essential nutrients and vitamins in food and ultimately results in death. Biotechnology has play a major role in eliminating these problems by producing nutrients enriched food such as Golden Rice, Maize, potato and soybean etc. Biotechnology has also played an important role in controlling the environmental pollution through biodegradation of potential pollutants. This review sketches improvement of human health by the use of biotechnological advances in molecular diagnostics, medicine, vaccines, nutritionally enriched genetically modified crops and waste management.
Nano biotechnology is a discipline in which tools from nanotechnology are developed and applied to study biological phenomena. For example, nanoparticles can serve as probes, sensors or vehicles for biomolecule delivery in cellular systems. There are two main strategies are being employed in this study on Nano biotechnology: top-down and bottom-up. Whereas in one molecular components are being integrated into an assembly, other forms the basis of forming Nano scale particles from larger molecules
Molecular Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary approach to understand biological functions and regulation at the level of molecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, and carbohydrates. The development of Watson - Crick Model of DNA during the 1950s and 1960s, which made a rapid advancement in biological science for molecular biologist to study gene structure and function for research. The knowledge derived from physics, microbiology, mathematics, genetics, biochemistry, cell biology and other scientific fields to study the molecular techniques.
A device that uses biological materials to monitor the presence of various chemicals in a substance. A sensor that integrates a biological element with a physiochemical transducer to produce an electronic signal proportional to a single analyte which is then conveyed to a detector. The development of micro- and nano-array devices that contain biosensor substructure and multiple and parallel detection procedure. For example, DNA is an ideal molecule for microchip devices for the diagnosis of heredity-related diseases due to the recognition specificity, stability and versatile structure.